Suppressing excessive wound healing responses is critical to ensure surgical success in glaucoma filtration surgery (GFS). Currently used adjunctive materials can lead to side effects due to the nonselectivity in cell inhibition and may require repeated applications. The clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-Cas9 system may become a compelling opportunity in glaucoma surgery due to its high selectivity and permanent effect. Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is one of the most potent stimulators of tissue fibrosis in the eye. Therefore, we tested the effect of CTGF suppression using the CRISPR-Cas9 system on GFS fibrosis. We used an adeno-associated virus (AAV)-CRISPR-Cas9 system and confirmed successful CTGF suppression was achieved in fibroblasts in vitro through western blot analysis and deep sequencing. In the in vivo intereye-comparison rabbit GFS model, CRISPR-CTGF-treated eyes showed significantly better survival of the surgery site, less subconjunctival fibrosis, limited collagen deposition, and reduced cellularity than untreated eyes. Our results suggest a new possibility of CRISPR-Cas9-mediated CTGF suppression to improve human GFS outcomes.