Functional responses of dermal fibroblasts to low nutrition and pro-inflammatory stimuli mimicking a wound environment in vitro.

Citation metadata

Date: Sept. 2022
Publisher: Springer
Document Type: Report; Brief article
Length: 278 words

Document controls

Main content

Abstract :

Keywords: Dermal fibroblasts; Inflammation; Lipopolysaccharide; Low nutrition; Wound healing Abstract Dermal fibroblasts (DF) constitute one of key cells involved in wound healing. However, the functions they perform in wound conditions remain poorly understood. This study involved exposing DF to low nutrition and to low nutrition+LPS for 5 d as conditions representing the wound. Although DF exhibited increasing metabolic activity in time under all conditions including control, the proliferation did not change in both low nutrition and low nutrition+LPS. Only the low nutrition+LPS was found to potentiate the migration and pro-inflammatory phenotype (IL6 release) of DF. The potential of DF to contract collagen hydrogel declined only under low nutrition as a consequence of low cell number. The expression of [alpha]-SMA was reduced under both conditions independently of the cell number. The remodeling capability of DF was affected under both conditions as documented by the enhanced MMP2 activity. Finally, the production of collagen type I was not affected by either condition. The study shows that low nutrition as the single factor is able to delay the healing process. Moreover, the addition of the mild pro-inflammatory stimulus represented by LPS may amplify the cell response in case of decreased [alpha]-SMA expression or excite DF to produce IL6 impairing the healing process. Author Affiliation: (1) Biomedical Center, Faculty of Medicine in Pilsen, Charles University, Alej Svobody 1655/76, Pilsen, Czech Republic (2) Department of Histology and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine in Pilsen, Charles University, Karlovarska 48, Pilsen, Czech Republic (3) Institute of Pathological Physiology, 1st Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, U Nemocnice 5, Prague, Czech Republic (a) Article History: Registration Date: 07/22/2022 Received Date: 03/24/2022 Accepted Date: 07/16/2022 Online Date: 08/10/2022 Byline:

Source Citation

Source Citation   

Gale Document Number: GALE|A721886636