Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Autism-Related Health and Educational Services

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Date: Sept. 2019
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, WK Health
Document Type: Article
Length: 218 words

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Abstract :

Byline: Lucy A. Bilaver, Department of Pediatrics, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL; Judy Havlicek, School of Social Work, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL. Abstract OBJECTIVE:: The objective of this study is to measure racial and ethnic disparities in autism-related services among U.S. children with parent-reported autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS:: Using the 2011 Survey of Pathways to Diagnosis and Services, we analyzed parent-reported data on 1420 children with current ASD in the nationally representative sample. An estimation method consistent with the Institute of Medicine's definition of health care disparities is used to measure racial and ethnic disparities. RESULTS:: The findings revealed Latino-white disparities in the percentage of children currently using school-based occupational and physical therapy and Latino-white and "other race"-white disparities in the percentage of children using physical therapy outside of school. There were no statistically significant black-white disparities. Instead, the study found that the percentage of black children with ASD receiving school-based services was 8 points higher than that of white children (p CONCLUSION:: The findings provide a partial baseline and identify a need for further examination of the source of existing disparities and the lack of disparities found for specific services and minority groups.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A598567362