TRIBE, PERSONALITY, AND PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS: RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PERSONALITY TRAIT AND PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS IN YOUNG ADULT JAVANESE TRIBE.

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From: College Student Journal(Vol. 55, Issue 2)
Publisher: Project Innovation Austin LLC
Document Type: Report
Length: 5,374 words
Lexile Measure: 1370L

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Abstract :

The large number of ethnicity becomes its own uniqueness for Indonesia's diversity. Ethnicity is a tool for individuals to see the world through their respective cultural filters (Matsumoto and Juang, 2004). Matsumoto and Juang (2014) explain that each ethnic has values passed down from generation to generation. The value becomes a reference for every individual in behaving and thinking; and affect the formation of individual self-concept. Self-concept becomes an important component in the formation of individual trait. In other words, the ethnic plays an important role in the formation of individual trait that affects the way individuals think and behave. The individual traits then play an important role in perceiving the world around them, including perceiving the stressor that is the source of psychological distress. In Indonesia, the majority tribe is with a percentage of 40.22% (Na'im & Syaputra, 2010). The Javanese are known as an optimistic tribe, highly appreciate the feelings of others, and have a passion to achieve high ideals but not in a hurry (Sartini, 2009). This shows that the Javanese have high optimism. Based on research Rachmawati (2016), optimism relates negatively to psychological distress. This means that the higher the level of optimism, the lower the level of psychological distress, so it can be concluded that the Javanese people may have a low level of distress. This research is a quantitative research with correlational research design that aims to see the relationship between personality traits and psychological distress on the Javanese Tribe community in Indonesia. A total of 460 Javanese people aged 18-25 years participated in this study. Early adult age was chosen because this age is a transitional age in which suicide is the second leading cause of death in this age range (WHO, 2014), whereas suicide is the most fatal response of psychological distress. In other words, psychological distress is vulnerable to the early adult society who have demands on their developmental tasks. Participants were obtained by convenience sampling technique. The measurement of personality traits was performed using the Big-Five Inventory 44 (BFI-44) measuring instrument developed by John (1990), then adapted by Syafri (2014) into Indonesian. Psychological distress measurements were performed using the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25 (HSCL-25) gauge developed by Turnip and Hauff (2007) and have been adapted into Bahasa Indonesia. Data retrieval is done online and offline. The data collected is processed through descriptive statistical techniques and pearson partial correlation, and one-way anova. The results showed that there was a significant negative relationship between the extraversion personality dimension and psychological distress (r = -0.18, p 0.05) and agreeableness (r = 0.077, r 0.05). This means that high or low levels of conscientiousness and agreeableness in early adult ethnic Javanese communities are not associated with psychological distress. A significantly positive association was found between psychological stress and neurotics (r = 0.506, p Keywords: Personality, Distress, Javanese, Early Adult

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A668596351