CULTURAL FACTORS AND BELIEFS OF NONPHYSICIAN MEDICAL PROVIDERS ON REFERRING AFRICAN AMERICAN PATIENTS FOR HOSPICE CARE.

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Date: Summer 2021
From: College Student Journal(Vol. 55, Issue 2)
Publisher: Project Innovation Austin LLC
Document Type: Article
Length: 5,327 words
Lexile Measure: 1400L

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Abstract :

Problem was few African Americans in rural southwest Georgia took advantage of hospice care. Primary purpose was to determine beliefs of hospice nonphysician medical care providers relative to referring African American patients for hospice care. Secondary purpose was to identify cultural and other factors hindering some African American families from considering hospice care for their loved ones. There were 115 participants with membership in Georgia Hospice and Palliative Care Organization who returned surveys. Cross-sectional descriptive-survey design guided two research questions. Statistical analyses (frequencies, t-test statistics, and Cohen's d effect sizes) were calculated. Results for Research Question 1 indicated majority of hospice nurses and social workers agreed African American patients were hesitant to have strangers in their homes, and religious preferences influenced decisions about hospice referral. Majority agreed African Americans preferred family members to care for them at end of life, and there was mistrust for some health care professionals. For Research Question 2, results suggested mean score of nurses was 39.24. In the favorability range of 11 to 55, hospice nurses possessed slightly greater than moderate favorability toward referral of African American patients for hospice care. Survey mean score for social workers was 27.58. Social workers possessed less than moderate favorability toward referral of African Americans for hospice care. Mean difference of the two scores was 11.66, with statistical significance, t(113) = 6.83, p Key words: Hospice Care; Palliative Care; African Americans; Medical Science

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A668596352