Prevalence of Virulence Genes in Extended-Spectrum [beta]-lactamases (ESBLs)-Producing Salmonella in Retail Raw Chicken in China

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From: Journal of Food Science(Vol. 83, Issue 4)
Publisher: Wiley Subscription Services, Inc.
Document Type: Author abstract; Report
Length: 295 words

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Byline: Jing Qiao, Walid Q. Alali, Jiangshan Liu, Yaping Wang, Sheng Chen, Shenghui Cui, Baowei Yang Keywords: extended-spectrum [beta]-lactamase (ESBL); retail chicken; Salmonella; virulence genes Abstract Extended-spectrum [beta]-lactamases (ESBLs)-producing Salmonella is a tremendous hazard to food safety and public health. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of 30 virulence genes (avrA, sipA, sseC, marT, rhuM, siiE, pipA, pipD, envR, gogB, gtgA, sodC1, sseI, irsA, sopE2, spvC, rck, spvR, fhuA, msgA, pagK, srfj, stkc, fimA, lpfD, pefA, stcC, steB, stjB, and tcfA) in 156 ESBLs-producing Salmonella isolates that belonged to 21 serotypes. These isolates were recovered from retail raw chicken samples collected from 5 provinces and 2 national cities in China between 2007 and 2012. The results indicated that 154 (98.7%) ESBLs-producing Salmonella isolates carried at least 1 virulence gene, 138 (88.5%) simultaneously carried at least 5 virulence genes, 107 (68.6%) carried 10 or more, and 20 (12.8%) carried 15 or more virulence genes. The most frequently detected virulence genes were marT (n = 127, 81.4%), siiE (n = 126, 80.8%), msgA (n = 121, 77.6%), and sipA (n = 121, 77.6%). Significant difference was identified between detection percentages of virulence genes of rhuM, pipD, envR, sopE2, pagK, lpfD, steB, and stjB in S. Indiana, S. Thompson, S. Enteritidis, S. Typhimurium, S. Shubra, S. Edinburg, and S. Agona isolates. Distribution of virulence genes were significantly influenced by sampling districts (P

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A534887943