Deficiency for costimulatory receptor 4-1BB protects against obesity-induced inflammation and metabolic disorders

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From: Diabetes(Vol. 60, Issue 12)
Publisher: American Diabetes Association
Document Type: Report
Length: 5,719 words
Lexile Measure: 1530L

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Abstract :

OBJECTIVE--Inflammation is an important factor in the development of insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, and fatty liver disease. As a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily (TNFRSF9) expressed on immune cells, 4-1BB/CD137 provides a bidirectional inflammatory signal through binding to its ligand 4-1BBL. Both 4-1BB and 4-1BBL have been shown to play an important role in the pathogenesis of various inflammatory diseases. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS--Eight-week-old male 4-1BB-deficient and wild-type (WT) mice were fed a high-fat diet (HFD) or a regular diet for 9 weeks. RESULTS--We demonstrate that 4-1BB deficiency protects against HFD-induced obesity, glucose intolerance, and fatty liver disease. The 4-1BB-deficient mice fed an HFD showed less body weight gain, adiposity, adipose infiltration of macrophages/T cells, and tissue levels of inflammatory cytokines (e.g., TNF-[alpha], interleukin-6, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 [MCP-1]) compared with HFD-fed control mice. HFD-induced glucose intolerance/ insulin resistance and fatty liver were also markedly attenuated in the 4-1BB-deficient mice. CONCLUSIONS--These findings suggest that 4-1BB and 4-1BBL may be useful therapeutic targets for combating obesity-induced inflammation and metabolic disorders. Diabetes 60:3159-3168, 2011

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A274227595