Intact parathyroid hormone levels localize causative glands in persistent or recurrent renal hyperparathyroidism: A retrospective cohort study.

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From: PLoS ONE(Vol. 16, Issue 4)
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Document Type: Report
Length: 4,728 words
Lexile Measure: 1440L

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Abstract :

Persistent or recurrent renal hyperparathyroidism may occur after total parathyroidectomy and transcervical thymectomy with forearm autograft under continuous stimulation due to uremia. Parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels may reflect persistent or recurrent renal hyperparathyroidism because of the enlarged autografted parathyroid glands in the forearm or remnant parathyroid glands in the neck or mediastinum. Detailed imaging requires predictive localization of causative parathyroid glands. Casanova and simplified Casanova tests may be convenient. However, these methods require avascularization of the autografted forearm for 10 min with a tourniquet or Esmarch. The heavy pressure during avascularization can be incredibly painful and result in nerve damage. An easier method that minimizes the burden on patients in addition to predicting the localization of causative parathyroid glands was developed in this study. Ninety patients who underwent successful re-parathyroidectomy for persistent or recurrent renal hyperparathyroidism after parathyroidectomy between January 2000 and July 2019 were classified according to the localization of causative parathyroid glands (63 and 27 patients in the autografted forearm and the neck or mediastinum groups, respectively). Preoperatively, intact PTH levels were measured from bilateral forearm blood samples following a 5-min avascularization of the autografted forearm. Cutoff values of the intact PTH ratio (intact PTH level obtained from the non-autografted forearm before re-parathyroidectomy/intact PTH level obtained from the autografted forearm before re-parathyroidectomy) were investigated with receiver operating characteristic curves to localize the causative parathyroid glands. Intact PTH ratios of

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A657069449