Predicting the individualized risk of poor adherence to ART medication among adolescents living with HIV in Uganda: the Suubi+Adherence study.

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Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Document Type: Report
Length: 6,083 words
Lexile Measure: 1510L

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Abstract :

Introduction: Achieving optimaladherence to antiretroviraltherapy (ART) among adolescents living with HIV (ALWHIV) is challenging, especially in low-resource settings. To help accurately determine who is at risk of poor adherence, we developed and internally validated models comprising multi-levelfactors that can help to predict the individualized risk of poor adherence among ALWHIV in a resource-limited setting such as Uganda. Methods: We used data from a sample of 637 ALWHIV in Uganda who participated in a longitudinalstudy, "Suubi+Adherence" (2012 to 2018). The modelwas developed using the Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operator (LASSO) penalized regression to select the best subset of multi-levelpredictors (individual, household, community or economic-related factors) of poor adherence in one year's time using 10-fold cross-validation. Seventeen potentialpredictors included in the modelwere assessed at 36 months of follow-up, whereas adherence was assessed at 48 months of follow-up. Model performance was evaluated using discrimination and calibration measures. Results: For the model predicting poor adherence, five of the 17 predictors (adherence history, adherence self-efficacy, family cohesion, child poverty and group assignment) were retained. Its ability to discriminate between individuals with and without poor adherence was acceptable; area under the curve (AUC) = 69.9; 95% CI: 62.7, 72.8. There was no evidence of possible areas of miscalibration (test statistic = 1.20; p = 0.273). The overallperformance of the modelwas good. Conclusions: Our findings support prediction modelling as a useful tool that can be leveraged to improve outcomes across the HIV care continuum. Utilizing information from multiple sources, the risk prediction score tool applied here can be refined further with the ultimate goalof being used in a screening toolby practitioners working with ALWHIV. Specifically, the tool could help identify and provide early interventions to adolescents at the highest risk of poor adherence and/or viral non-suppression. However, further fine-tuning and external validation may be required before wide-scale implementation. Keywords: HIV/AIDS; ART adherence; adolescents; viral load; prediction modelling

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A667867110