December 3, 2020
China has successfully controlled COVID-19, when the world is struggling to control the pandemic.
How did China do it?
China published a set of policies, guidance, and regulations that were strictly and effectively implemented nationwide. To prevent and control the spread of virus, the government required people to wear masks when they are in close contact with others and to stay at least 1 meter apart in crowded and enclosed places. Those individuals deemed essential workers including healthcare workers at medical institutions, salespersons, security guards, janitors, police, drivers, and public transportation service staff are all required to wear masks. At the same time, the government restricts non-essential gathering activities, limits the number of people participating in collective activities, and recommends the opening of windows regularly for proper ventilation and indoor air circulation. Additionally, thorough cleaning and disinfecting activities are performed in public places, stations, terminals, and in public transportation on a daily basis.
Policy Creation and Implementation
China implemented what has been titled the "Four Early/ Four Concentrated" measures to fight the coronavirus. More specifically, the government's policy is delineated as follows:
1. Early Detection: The "early detection" facet of the government's comprehensive policy relates to performing body temperature screening measures in public places, enhancing pre-inspection triage methods, erecting fever clinics to investigate symptomatic complaints, establishing early detection of confirmed cases, suspected cases, and asymptomatic infections, and requiring early reporting and full transparency.
2. Early Isolation: The "early isolation" component refers to completing the epidemiological investigation within 24 hours of active case confirmation in order to identify the possible source of infection as quickly as possible as well as to trace to all close contacts, conduct early isolation measures, isolate confirmed and suspected cases with centralized medical observation for a period of no less than 14 days, and disinfect all possible contaminated places completely.
3. Early Reporting: According to national laws and regulations, the "early control" element relates to dividing control areas into the smallest unit possible (e.g., individual...