Fungal deterioration of the bagasse storage from the harvested sugarcane.

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From: Biotechnology for Biofuels(Vol. 14, Issue 1)
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.
Document Type: Report
Length: 5,076 words
Lexile Measure: 1470L

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Abstract :

Background Sugarcane is an essential crop for sugar and ethanol production. Immediate processing of sugarcane is necessary after harvested because of rapid sucrose losses and deterioration of stalks. This study was conducted to fill the knowledge gap regarding the exploration of fungal communities in harvested deteriorating sugarcane. Experiments were performed on simulating production at 30 [degrees]C and 40 [degrees]C after 0, 12, and 60 h of sugarcane harvesting and powder-processing. Results Both pH and sucrose content declined significantly within 12 h. Fungal taxa were unraveled using ITS amplicon sequencing. With the increasing temperature, the diversity of the fungal community decreased over time. The fungal community structure significantly changed within 12 h of bagasse storage. Before stored, the dominant genus (species) in bagasse was Wickerhamomyces (W. anomalus). Following storage, Kazachstania (K. humilis) and Saccharomyces (S. cerevisiae) gradually grew, becoming abundant fungi at 30 [degrees]C and 40 [degrees]C. The bagasse at different temperatures had a similar pattern after storage for the same intervals, indicating that the temperature was the primary cause for the variation of core features. Moreover, most of the top fungal genera were significantly correlated with environmental factors (pH and sucrose of sugarcane, storage time, and temperature). In addition, the impact of dominant fungal species isolated from the deteriorating sugarcane on sucrose content and pH in the stored sugarcane juice was verified. Conclusions The study highlighted the importance of timeliness to refine sugar as soon as possible after harvesting the sugarcane. The lessons learned from this research are vital for sugarcane growers and the sugar industry for minimizing post-harvest losses. Keywords: Sugarcane biodegradation, Post-harvest storing, Fungal community, Yeast, Sucrose losses

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A672314026