Behavioural differences and interactions between two sessile bivalves forming mixed-species assemblages.

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Date: Jan. 2021
From: Animal Behaviour(Vol. 171)
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Document Type: Report
Length: 420 words

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Abstract :

Keywords aggregation; biological invasion; Dreissena; interspecific signal; intraspecific signal; movement; predator cue; quagga mussel; sessile animal; zebra mussel Highlights * We studied behaviour and interactions of two co-occurring invasive sessile bivalves. * Quagga mussels were more aggregated, less mobile and less substratum selective. * These traits account for their better performance in aggregations with zebra mussel. * Mussels responded to cues of living and crushed conspecifics and heterospecifics. * Responses to living heterospecifics resembled those to alarm cues. The invasive zebra mussel, Dreissena polymorpha (ZM), established in Europe for a long time, has recently been joined and commonly outcompeted by a new invader, the quagga mussel, Dreissena rostriformis bugensis (QM). To identify factors contributing to this displacement, we studied behavioural differences between the species: aggregation, movement, and responses to conspecifics, congeners and their alarm cues. Compared to ZM, QM were more aggregated and less motile, crawling shorter distances for a shorter time at a slower speed. Conversely, QM exhibited more nonlocomotor movements. Both species aggregated and burrowed less and showed more nonlocomotor movements in response to conspecific and heterospecific alarm cues. They also moved shorter distances in the presence of conspecific alarm cues. ZM delayed their locomotion and nonlocomotor movements, whereas QM started locomotion earlier in the presence of both alarm cues. Mussel responses to living heterospecifics resembled those to alarm cues. In mixed-species aggregations, ZM attached to conspecifics more often than to QM shells, whereas QM were nonselective. To summarize, QM are less mobile, less selective regarding attachment site and more aggregated than ZM. This allows QM to perform better in mixed-species assemblages by spending less energy on relocation and overgrowing ZM to a higher extent than vice versa. Both species responded to heterospecific signals, which is helpful in mixed-species assemblages, particularly in novel areas occupied by these invasive species. Nevertheless, similar responses to alarm cues and living heterospecifics suggest a negative interaction between the congeners. Author Affiliation: (a) Nicolaus Copernicus University, Faculty of Biological and Veterinary Sciences, Torun, Poland (b) MTA Centre for Ecological Research, GINOP Sustainable Ecosystems Group, Centre for Ecological Research, Tihany, Hungary (c) Eötvös Lóránd Research Network, Centre for Ecological Research, Balaton Limnological Institute, Tihany, Hungary * Correspondence: J. Kobak, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Faculty of Biological and Veterinary Sciences, Institute of Biology, Lwowska 1, 87-100, Torun, Poland. Article History: Received 10 April 2020; Revised 24 July 2020; Accepted 25 September 2020 (miscellaneous) MS number 20-00248R (footnote)1 L.J. and C.B. contributed equally to this work. Byline: Lukasz Jermacz (a,b,1), Csilla Balogh (b,c,1), Jaroslaw Kobak [jkob73@umk.pl] (a,*)

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A648929880