The articulatory in-out effect: Driven by articulation fluency?

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Date: Mar. 2022
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Document Type: Report; Brief article
Length: 291 words

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Abstract :

Keywords In-out effect; Fluency; Embodied cognition; Articulation; Language Highlights * People prefer words with inward- (vs. outward-) wandering consonant sequences. * We show: Articulation fluency alone cannot explain this in-out effect. * The in-out effect might consist of two independent preference effects. Abstract People prefer linguistic stimuli with an inward-wandering consonant sequence (e.g., PATIKO) over those with an outward-wandering consonant sequence (e.g., KATIPO), a preference referred to as articulatory in-out effect. Previous research has proposed that this effect is based on a higher fluency of inward versus outward articulation. Recently, however, several keystones of this articulation fluency account have been called into question. In the present research, we provide a straightforward test for this account by extending the traditional in-out effect research design to include other sequences as well. This allowed comparing liking and articulation fluency judgments over a range of stimuli beyond merely inward vs. outward stimuli. The results of two highly powered experiments (N = 531, one preregistered) show that even though inward stimuli are more fluent and better liked than outward stimuli, over all stimulus types articulation fluency and liking judgments diverge. These findings imply that articulation fluency alone cannot account for differences in liking such as the in-out effect. We discuss further directions for future in-out effect research. Author Affiliation: (a) Dept. of Consumer & Economic Psychology, University of Mannheim, A5,6 B129, 68159 Mannheim, Germany (b) Dept. of Social Sciences, Darmstadt University of Applied Sciences, Haardtring 100, 64295 Darmstadt, Germany * Corresponding author. Article History: Received 11 August 2021; Revised 11 November 2021; Accepted 15 December 2021 (miscellaneous) Editor: Jack Rachael (footnote)[white star] This paper has been recommended for acceptance by Dr Jack Rachael. Byline: Moritz Ingendahl [mingenda@mail.uni-mannheim.de] (a,*), Tobias Vogel [tobias.vogel@h-da.de] (b), Michaela Wänke [michaela.waenke@uni-mannheim.de] (a)

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A690060607