Why are some Massive Open Online Courses more open than others?

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Author: Julien Jacqmin
Date: Apr. 2022
From: Technovation(Vol. 112)
Publisher: Elsevier Science Publishers
Document Type: Report; Brief article
Length: 289 words

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Abstract :

Keywords Massive open online courses; Open source license; Creative commons; Open educational resources Highlights * Teachers can protect course content with a creative commons license of their choice * Field of study of the course and host institution matter in determining openness * Teachers differ in preferences and peer recognition related to open practices * Those willing to make money via sale of complements adopt less open practices Abstract This paper studies the determinants of the intellectual property license of the Massive Open Online Courses provided on a French platform. While they can opt for a traditional license, the majority of courses chooses among Creative Commons licenses. Considering the ordering in terms of degree of openness of the licenses, we study the course-, teacher- and institution-related factors driving the intellectual property decision of this pedagogical innovation. We observe that the field of study and the characteristics of the institution providing the course play a role. We explain these results by the heterogeneity in preferences and peer recognition with regard to open practices. We also find support for the idea that course providers willing to raise indirectly revenues by selling goods complementary to the MOOC (like a certificate of completion) are less likely to choose an open license. Author Affiliation: NEOMA Business School, 1 Rue du Maréchal Juin, 76130, Mont-Saint-Aignan, France Article History: Received 4 March 2021; Revised 10 September 2021; Accepted 25 September 2021 (footnote)[white star] The author is especially thankful for the valuable feedbacks and inputs received from Dietger Glorieux, Bernard Vanbrabant, Maxime Lambrecht, Axel Gautier, Matthieu Manant, Xitong Li, Xavier Wauthy, Stephane Lhuillery and Mehdi Bagherzadeh as well as from participants on various presentations held in Paris, Liège, Nancy (AFED), Grenoble and Lisbon. Byline: Julien Jacqmin [julien.jacqmin@neoma-bs.fr]

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A696893042