Chemiluminescence resonance energy transfer-based detection for microchip electrophoresis

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Date: Mar. 1, 2010
From: Analytical Chemistry(Vol. 82, Issue 5)
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Document Type: Author abstract; Report
Length: 238 words

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Abstract :

Since the channels in micro- and nanofluidic devices are extremely small, a sensitive detection is required following microchip electrophoresis (MCE). This work describes a highly sensitive and yet universal detection scheme based on chemiluminescence resonance energy transfer (CRET) for MCE. It was found that an efficient CRET occurred between a luminol donor and a CdTe quantum dot (QD) acceptor in the luminol-NaBrO-QD system and that it was sensitively suppressed by the presence of certain organic compounds of biological interest including biogenic amines and thiols, amino acids, organic acids, and steroids. These findings allowed developing sensitive MCE-CL assays for the tested compounds. The proposed MCE-CL methods showed desired analytical figures of merit such as a wide concentration range of linear response. Detection limits obtained were ~[10.sup.-9] M for biogenic amines including dopamine and epinephrine and ~[10.sup.-8] M for biogenic thiols (e.g., glutathione and aeetylcysteine), organic acids (i.e., ascorbic acid and uric acid), estrogens, and native amino acids. Thesewere 10-1000 times more sensitive than those of previously reported MCE-based methods with chemiluminescence, electrochemical, or laser-induced fluorescence detection for quantifying corresponding compounds. To evaluate the applicability of the present MCE-CL method for analyzing real biological samples, it was used to determine amino acids in individual human red blood cells. Nine amino acids, including Lys, Set, Ala, Glu, Trp, etc., were detected. The contents ranged from 3 to 31 amol/cell. The assay proved to be simple, quick, reproducible, and very sensitive. 10.1021/ac9027643

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A223748988