Vip1 is a kinase and pyrophosphatase switch that regulates inositol diphosphate signaling.

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Publisher: National Academy of Sciences
Document Type: Article
Length: 8,757 words
Lexile Measure: 1450L

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Abstract :

Inositol diphosphates (PP-IPs), also known as inositol pyrophosphates, are high-energy cellular signaling codes involved in nutrient and regulatory responses. We report that the evolutionarily conserved gene product, Vip1, possesses autonomous kinase and pyrophosphatase domains capable of synthesis and destruction of D-1 PP-IPs. Our studies provide atomic-resolution structures of the PP-IP products and unequivocally define that the Vip1 gene product is a highly selective 1-kinase and 1-pyrophosphatase enzyme whose activities arise through distinct active sites. Kinetic analyses of kinase and pyrophosphatase parameters are consistent with Vip1 evolving to modulate levels of 1-[IP.sub.7] and 1,5-[IP.sub.8]. Individual perturbations in kinase and pyrophosphatase activities in cells result in differential effects on vacuolar morphology and osmotic responses. Analogous to the dual-functional key energy metabolism regulator, phosphofructokinase 2, Vip1 is a kinase and pyrophosphatase switch whose 1-PP-IP products play an important role in a cellular adaptation. inositol pyrophosphate | inositol phosphate | phosphatase | kinase | cell polarity

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A625409412