The influence of gender on technology transfer processes managed in Italian Young Innovative Companies: A stochastic frontier analysis.

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Author: Diego Matricano
Date: Mar. 2022
From: Technovation(Vol. 111)
Publisher: Elsevier Science Publishers
Document Type: Report; Brief article
Length: 305 words

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Abstract :

Keywords Female entrepreneurs; Gender diversity; Technology transfer; Young innovative companies; Italy Highlights * The paper investigates the effect of gender on technology transfer processes * Male and female entrepreneurs behave in different ways when managing innovations * A stochastic frontier analysis reveals the causes of gaps from efficient behaviour * A reverse U-shape relationship exists between female property and holding a patent Abstract This paper addresses the general lack of research on high-growth women's entrepreneurship by investigating the influence of gender on Technology Transfer -- TT processes managed in Young Innovative Companies -- YICs (new firms with high-growth potential). The aim of this paper is twofold. First, it investigates whether male or female entrepreneurs are better at bringing innovations onto markets by testing the relationship between participation in R&D activities, employment of expert researchers and holding a patent (independent variables) and performance (dependent variable). Second, it investigates the causes of differences, if any. For this reason, a Stochastic Frontier Analysis (able to disentangle the error term into technical and random inefficiencies) considering 10,676 YICs operating in Italy in 2019 is conducted. Results confirm the influence of gender (only holding a patent is significant for female entrepreneurs) and reveal that differences between male and female entrepreneurs depend on random inefficiencies. Further data-driven analyses, regarding 1394 female entrepreneurs, exhibit a reverse U-shape relationship between holding a patent and performance as the percentage of female property increases. In terms of originality, this paper remarks that Italian female entrepreneurs need to collaborate with male entrepreneurs in order to maximize the results of TT processes in their YICs. Author Affiliation: Department of Management, Università Degli Studi Della Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", Corso Gran Priorato Di Malta, N. 1 - 81043, Capua, CE, Italy Article History: Received 6 April 2020; Revised 28 June 2021; Accepted 27 August 2021 Byline: Diego Matricano [diego.matricano@unicampania.it]

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A695941156