Vertical vs horizontal coopetition and the market performance of product innovation: An empirical study of the video game industry.

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Date: Apr. 2022
From: Technovation(Vol. 112)
Publisher: Elsevier Science Publishers
Document Type: Report; Brief article
Length: 367 words

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Keywords Vertical coopetition; Horizontal coopetition; Radical innovation; Incremental innovation; Market performance; Video games Highlights * Horizontal coopetition and vertical coopetition have not the same impact on market performance of product innovation. * Horizontal coopetition has a positive impact on the market performance of radical and incremental innovation. * Horizontal coopetition has a larger impact on the market performance of radical product innovation. * Vertical coopetition has no impact on the market performance of radical and incremental. Abstract The aim of this research is to study the impact of coopetition on the market performance of product innovation. Previous research suggests, on the one hand, that coopetition is a powerful strategy for innovation but, on the other hand, that coopetition creates opportunism risk. Therefore, the impact of coopetition on innovation depends on external and internal conditions. This impact also differs according to the radicalness of the focal innovation. Past studies have identified many different factors that influence the impact of coopetition on innovation. However, they have not taken into account the different types of coopetition. To fill this gap, here, 1) we introduce a key distinction between the two main types of coopetition, i.e., vertical vs horizontal coopetition and 2) we distinguish between the impacts of these two types of coopetition on the market performance of two types of innovation, i.e., incremental vs radical innovation. We build a set of four hypotheses and test them on a sample of 763 new products in the video game industry. The results show that 1) horizontal coopetition has a positive impact on the market performance of radical and incremental innovation, 2) horizontal coopetition has a greater impact on the market performance of radical innovation 3) vertical coopetition has no impact on the market performance of innovation, and 4) the null impact of vertical coopetition is true for both radical and incremental innovation. Author Affiliation: (a) University of Montpellier - MOMA, France (b) Montpellier Business School, France (c) Université du Québec en Outaouais, Canada * Corresponding author. University of Montpellier and Montpellier Business School, France. Article History: Received 7 December 2020; Revised 17 September 2021; Accepted 24 October 2021 Byline: Frédéric Le Roy [frederic.le-roy@umontpellier.fr] (a,b,*), Frank Robert [f.robert@montpellier-bs.com] (b), Rhizlane Hamouti [rhizlane.hamouti@uqo.ca] (c)

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A696893051