"Who is a Convert?"--The Law of Return and the Legality of Reform and Conservative Conversions in Israel.

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Date: Summer 2022
From: Israel Studies(Vol. 27, Issue 2)
Publisher: Indiana University Press
Document Type: Article
Length: 6,871 words
Lexile Measure: 1700L

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Abstract :

The Law of Return cements the connection between Israel and world Jewry by determining who is eligible as a "Jew" for full and immediate Israeli citizenship. It has also been the source of legal and political challenges since it was enacted in 1950 and until today because of controversy over "who is a Jew" for purposes of the Law. In March 2021, the Supreme Court ended decades of debate around the question "who is a Jew by choice" and "whose conversions will be recognized" for the purpose of the law by extending recognition to persons converted under Reform and Conservative auspices in Israel. This article traces the legal and political background of this landmark decision and considers its impact. Keywords: Israel Law of Return, Conversion, Reform, Conservative, Supreme Court, Esther Hayut, Aharon Barak, Brother Daniel, Zvi Berenson, Haim Cohen, Shalit, Shoshana Miller, Meir Shamgar, Shas, Eliane Pesaro, Tushbeim, Na'amat, Regachova, and Dahan.

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Source Citation   

Gale Document Number: GALE|A700800221