Considerable soil carbon research has occurred in Australia in recent years. A review of published literature suggests there are gaps in both the collection of associated data and the long-term storage of soil carbon data, thus limiting the potential use of these data beyond the original purpose. A more co-operative approach between researchers and pedologists is essential to ensure maximum value is obtained from research investment. Further capacity needs to develop to capture data from all sources and especially non-government scientists. ASRIS can be the national focal point; it is recommended that it be more effectively utilised as a data management tool for Australian soil carbon data.