How to correctly diagnose and treat community-acquired pneumonia.

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Date: Oct. 2021
From: Contemporary Pediatrics(Vol. 38, Issue 10)
Publisher: Intellisphere, LLC
Document Type: Article
Length: 727 words
Lexile Measure: 1490L

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While health care professionals remain on high alert for COVID-19 and all its variants, many pediatricians also witnessed a respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) surge this past summer, typically a winter illness. (1) Now that winter is almost here, this is what you should know about pneumonia.

Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) can appear year-round but late fall and winter tend to be prominent months as viral respiratory illnesses are more common during this time. A majority of CAP is viral, including influenza, RSV, enterovirus, and others, but we have to remember the bacterial causes that include Streptococcus pneumonia, Haemophilus influenzae and Streptococcus group A. CAP is one of the most common serious infections in children and is responsible for a significant number of outpatient visits and hospitalizations. (2)

Many patients present with fever and cough, so how do you decide who has pneumonia and who should be treated with antibiotics? This is where the art of medicine plays a role. There are subtle findings that can help identify the child with pneumonia, such as grunting or an increased work of breathing; fever persisting...

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A679076290