A Qualitative Study: Perceived Barriers and Facilitators to Nutrition Standard Adherence by In-home Childcare Providers.

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Publisher: Elsevier Science Publishers
Document Type: Report
Length: 504 words

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Keywords Childcare providers; Qualitative; Nutrition standards; CACFP Abstract Background The Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) nutrition standards may present food purchasing, preparation, and feeding challenges for caregivers of young children. Objective To elucidate perceived barriers and facilitators faced by in-home childcare providers to following the CACFP food and beverage nutrition standards. Design Virtual, semistructured individual interviews elicited perceptions from a cross section of low-income, in-home childcare providers in Michigan. Participants/settings Twenty childcare providers of various races, ethnicity, urban and rural residence, and licensure status. Analysis Thematic coding analysis with NVivo (ver12.0) to organize and interpret data. Results Four primary barriers to adhering to the CACFP nutrition standards emerged including (1) noncompliant food preferences of children and providers; (2) higher cost and lower availability of CACFP-approved items; (3) celebrations and food rewards; (4) excessive time and effort needed to prepare foods and beverages, especially with dietary restrictions for some children. Ten perceived facilitators included (1) using nutrition education available through community organizations; (2) finding convenient and easy ways to prepare foods and beverages; (3) using CACFP and Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children guidelines and funding; (4) increasing variety of foods and beverages by using a menu or recalling items recently served; (5) modeling eating healthful foods and encouraging sampling of new foods and beverages; (6) mixing preferred foods/beverages with less preferred; (7) using nutrition information available from social media and from peers; (8) allowing children to choose foods and beverages; (9) serving the same eligible food and beverages to all children; and (10) provider concern about impact of foods and beverages on children's health and behavior. Conclusions Results from this study can inform nutrition education from community organizations that occurs in tandem with CACFP sponsor organizations. In addition, they can be utilized to address state-level licensure regulations and quality improvement rating systems that include nutrition standards childcare providers are encouraged or required to follow. Author Affiliation: (1) Michigan State University Extension, East Lansing, Michigan (2) Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan * Address correspondence to: Dawn Earnesty, PhD, Michigan State University Extension, 12550 Gratiot Rd, Saginaw, MI 48609. Article History: Received 14 July 2020; Accepted 11 August 2021 (footnote) Supplementary materials: is available at www.jandonline.org(http://www.jandonline.org) (footnote) STATEMENT OF POTENTIAL CONFLICT OF INTEREST No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors. (footnote) FUNDING/SUPPORT This research was partially supported by the Graduate School of Michigan State University, Michigan State University Extension and the North Central Regional Center for Excellence. The findings and conclusions in this publication are those of the authors. (footnote) AUTHOR CONTRIBUTIONS D. Earnest and L. Weatherspoon developed the study question. D. Earnesty and K. Rau oversaw management and data collection. D. Earnesty and G. Mphwanthe oversaw data analysis. D. Earnesty wrote the first draft of the manuscript. All authors reviewed and commented on subsequent drafts of the manuscript. Byline: Dawn Earnesty, PhD, RDN [wilcoxd4@msu.edu] (1,*), Getrude Mphwanthe, PhD, RD (2), Kaitlyn Rau, MPH (1), Lorraine Weatherspoon, PhD, RDN (2)

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A697070970