Youth psychopathology: Universal or culture-specific? Testing the syndrome models of youth self-report in Chinese population.

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Date: May 2022
Publisher: Wiley Subscription Services, Inc.
Document Type: Report; Brief article
Length: 227 words

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Abstract :

Keywords: anxiety; culture; depression; externalizing behavior; internalizing behavior; psychopathology; relativist; universalist; weight; youth self-report Abstract Problem The debate on whether psychiatric symptoms are universal and to what extent they are affected by culture is generally divided between the universalist and relativist approaches. Methods This study compared Achenbach/Rescorla's model and Weisz's model of youth self-report in 2521 Chinese adolescents (mean age=12 years). Indigenous exploratory factor analyses were conducted to explore the factor structure of youth self-report (YSR), and the derived models were tested with confirmatory factor analysis. Findings These analyses indicated good support of the Chinese YSR models for males and females. Further analyses revealed three syndromes, namely anxious/depressed, somatic complaints, and aggressive behaviors, which represented broad internalizing and externalizing factors. These syndromes consistently demonstrated high correlations across the different models, indicating their universal nature. Conversely, some unique factors emerged in the Chinese YSR model, such as weight concern and rule-breaking behavior, which may reflect underlying culture-bound factors. Conclusions Our findings support a combined perspective to the universalist and relativist approaches, which argues that some syndromes including Anxious/Depressed, Somatic Complaints, Aggressive Behavior and Attention Problems are more likely to be universal in male adolescents, while a new emerging syndrome like Weight Concern may reflect the socioeconomic, culture, and lifestyle changes that are currently emerging in China. CAPTION(S): Supporting information. Byline: Jianghong Liu, Clare Chan, Patrick W. L. Leung

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A702848100