Relationships Among the Physical and Social Home Food Environments, Dietary Intake, and Diet Quality in Mothers and Children.

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Publisher: Elsevier Science Publishers
Document Type: Report
Length: 532 words

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Keywords Home food environment; Maternal dietary intake; Child dietary intake; Diet quality; Home Food Inventory Abstract Background Both the physical and social home food environment (HFE) are believed to influence dietary intake and diet quality, but few studies have examined both aspects together. Objective The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among the physical and social HFE, dietary intake, and diet quality in mothers and children. Design This was a cross-sectional substudy of a larger study. Participants/setting The study included 24 mothers (aged [greater than or equal to]30 years) with a biological child aged 6 to 12 years living in the Newark, DE, area between June and November 2018. Main outcome measures The outcome measures of interest included the physical HFE (ie, home food availability); aspects of the social HFE (ie, parenting styles, family meal frequency, and policies); maternal and child intake of fruits, vegetables, sugar-sweetened beverages, and snacks; and diet quality using the 2015 Healthy Eating Index total score. Statistical analysis Pearson correlations were used to examine the relationship between physical HFE and dietary intake as well as social HFE and dietary intake in both mothers and children. The relationships were further examined through exploratory regression analyses. Results In mothers, fruit availability in the physical HFE was correlated with fruit intake (r = 0.50; P = 0.02). Fruit and vegetable availability in the physical HFE were correlated with 2015 Healthy Eating Index total score in both the mother and child. Family meals participation was correlated with dietary intake (vegetable intake in children, r = 0.44; P = 0.04; and snack intake in mothers, r = --0.74; P Conclusions Both the physical and social HFE are associated with maternal and child dietary intake, but only the physical HFE was associated with dietary quality. Although preliminary, these data indicate the importance of future studies that include measures to assess both the physical and social HFE to better elucidate the influences of the HFE on dietary intake. Author Affiliation: (1) Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD (2) Department of Behavioral Health and Nutrition, University of Delaware, Newark (3) College of Health Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark * Address correspondence to: Samantha M. Rex, MS, RDN, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205. Article History: Received 5 August 2020; Accepted 11 March 2021 (footnote) Supplementary materials: is available at www.jandonline.org(http://www.jandonline.org) (footnote) STATEMENT OF POTENTIAL CONFLICT OF INTEREST No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors. (footnote) FUNDING/SUPPORT There is no funding to disclose. Byline: Samantha M. Rex, MS, RDN [Srex2@jh.edu] (1,2,*), Amanda Kopetsky, MS, RD (2), Barry Bodt, PhD (3), Shannon M. Robson, PhD, MPH, RD (2)

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A676152127