Identifying loci with different allele frequencies among cases of eight psychiatric disorders using CC-GWAS.

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Date: Apr. 2021
From: Nature Genetics(Vol. 53, Issue 4)
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Document Type: Report
Length: 12,392 words
Lexile Measure: 1580L

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Abstract :

Psychiatric disorders are highly genetically correlated, but little research has been conducted on the genetic differences between disorders. We developed a new method (case-case genome-wide association study; CC-GWAS) to test for differences in allele frequency between cases of two disorders using summary statistics from the respective case-control GWAS, transcending current methods that require individual-level data. Simulations and analytical computations confirm that CC-GWAS is well powered with effective control of type I error. We applied CC-GWAS to publicly available summary statistics for schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder and five other psychiatric disorders. CC-GWAS identified 196 independent case-case loci, including 72 CC-GWAS-specific loci that were not significant at the genome-wide level in the input case-control summary statistics; two of the CC-GWAS-specific loci implicate the genes KLF6 and KLF16 (from the Krüppel-like family of transcription factors), which have been linked to neurite outgrowth and axon regeneration. CC-GWAS loci replicated convincingly in applications to datasets with independent replication data. Identification of the genetic differences between two different disorders has been hampered by a need for individual-level data from cases of both disorders. CC-GWAS enables the comparison of allele frequencies among cases of two disorders using case-control GWAS summary statistics.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A657936256