Can Resilience be Measured and Used to Predict Mental Health Symptomology Among First Responders Exposed to Repeated Trauma?

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Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, WK Health
Document Type: Author abstract; Report
Length: 191 words

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Abstract :

Byline: Sadhbh Joyce, School of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine (Ms Joyce, Dr Harvey); The Black Dog Institute (Ms Tan, Dr Shand, Dr Harvey); School of Psychology, Faculty of Science (Dr Bryant), University of New South Wales (UNSW), Australia.; Leona Tan; Fiona Shand; Richard A. Bryant; Samuel B. Harvey Abstract OBJECTIVES:: To examine whether baseline measures of resilience among active first responders predicts future mental health symptomology following trauma exposure. METHODS:: Multivariate linear regression examined the associations between baseline resilience and future mental health symptomatology following repeated trauma exposure. Symptomatology at 6-month follow-up was the dependent variable. RESULTS:: The associations between baseline resilience and future posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) (P = 0.02) and depression (P = 0.03) symptoms were statistically significant. Those reporting higher resilience levels had lower symptomology at 6-month follow-up. Eighty percent of first-responders who screened positive for low resilience went on to develop more PTSD symptoms. CONCLUSIONS:: Examining resilience may serve as a more effective means of screening, given resilience is a malleable construct which can be enhanced via targeted interventions. Higher levels of resilience may protect the long-term mental health of first-responders, particularly in regard to future PTSD.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A581223789