Does life satisfaction predict reemployment? Evidence form German panel data

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Date: June 2019
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Document Type: Report
Length: 262 words

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Abstract :

Keywords Life satisfaction; Reemployment; Big Five; Subjective well-being; Unemployment Highlights * We examined the effect of life satisfaction on the likelihood of reemployment. * Multilevel discrete time hazard analysis showed an inverted-u-shaped effect. * Moderate (vs. low or high) life satisfaction predicted higher reemployment chances. * The results support the idea of an "optimum level of well-being". Abstract While life satisfaction has been identified as an important predictor of occupational success, the question of whether it might contribute to reemployment success among unemployed individuals has received much less research attention. Contrasting three theoretical perspectives (motivation theories, positive psychology, and the optimum level of well-being literature), we explored whether life satisfaction has a negative, a positive, or a non-monotonic effect on the likelihood of reemployment. We used large-scale panel data from Germany that gave us the possibility to monitor unemployed individuals' life satisfaction and labor market outcomes for 10 years. Results of a multi-level discrete-time hazard analysis supported the optimum level of well-being perspective providing evidence for an inverted-U-shaped association between life satisfaction and reemployment probability. Moderate levels of life satisfaction were associated with a stronger likelihood of reemployment than lower or higher levels of life satisfaction. This effect remained robust against controlling for individuals' socio-economic characteristics, labor market experience and the Big Five personality traits. Author Affiliation: (a) University of Cologne, Germany (b) Tilburg University, Netherlands * Corresponding author at: Cologne Graduate School, University of Cologne, Albertus-Magnus-Platz, 50923 Cologne, Germany. Article History: Received 27 July 2017; Revised 18 December 2018; Accepted 19 December 2018 Byline: Damaris Rose [damaris.rose@alumni.uni-koeln.de] (a,*), Olga Stavrova (b)

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A589507353