Reading Warm-Up, Reading Skill, and Reading Prosody When Reading the My Grandfather Passage: An Exploratory Study Born Out of the Motor Planning Theory of Prosody and Reading Prosody Research.

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Date: June 2022
Publisher: American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
Document Type: Clinical report
Length: 12,523 words
Lexile Measure: 1530L

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Abstract :

Purpose: The Motor Planning Theory of Prosody and reading prosody research indicate that "out of the blue" oral reading, as practiced in clinical and research settings, invokes surface rather than covert prosody, particularly when readers are recorded, less skilled, and/or speech impaired. Warm-up is not considered in passage reading for motor-speech assessment. We report on a preliminary study aimed to investigate the effect of warm-up on reading prosody in two conditions: silent reading alone and reading "out of the blue" followed by silent reading. A secondary aim of the study was to examine the effect of reading skill on reading prosody. Method: Twenty-one monolingual, English-speaking volunteers were recorded reading the My Grandfather Passage (GP) while their eye movements were tracked. Participants were randomly assigned to one of two reading conditions: (a) silent-oral (SO) and (b) oral-silent-oral (OSO). In the SO condition, participants read the GP silently as a warm-up for the subsequent oral reading. In the OSO condition, participants first read the GP aloud ("out of the blue") and then read the same passage silently with the instruction to do this in preparation for a second oral reading. Reading skill was quantified using eye-voice span and Wide Range Achievement Test-Fourth Edition testing. Reading prosody was evaluated using pause indexes, the Acoustic Multidimensional Prosody Index, and speech rate. Conclusions: One oral reading before a silent reading but not a silent reading alone before oral reading was shown to affect reading prosody. In terms of reading skill, results indicate that predictive associations patterned differently in the reading conditions explored, suggesting different underlying skill sets.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A707443423