The Diet Quality of a Sample of Predominantly Racial Minority Children From Low-Income Households Is Lower During the Summer vs School Year: Results From the Project Summer Weight and Environmental Assessment Trial Substudy.

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Publisher: Elsevier Science Publishers
Document Type: Clinical report
Length: 561 words

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Keywords Summer; Childhood obesity; Nutrition; Diet quality Abstract Background Little is known about the diet quality of racial minority children during the summertime when school is out of session and there is risk of accelerated weight gain. Project Summer Weight and Environmental Assessment Trial was an observational, prospective study exploring child weight status and health trends during the summer. Objective The objective of this substudy of Project Summer Weight and Environmental Assessment Trial was to examine the diet quality of elementary-aged racial minority children during the summertime vs school year. Design This observational, prospective substudy was conducted from June to September 2017. Participants/setting Students in prekindergarten through fifth grade were recruited from 2 schools located in low-income urban neighborhoods of Columbus, OH, with a predominantly Black population. Sixty-two children (39 families) enrolled. Main outcome measures Twenty-four-hour dietary recalls (2 weekdays, 1 weekend day) were collected at 3 time points: (1) beginning of summer (T0); (2) midsummer (T1); and (3) beginning of subsequent school year (T2). Healthy Eating Index (HEI)-2015 total and component scores were calculated to assess diet quality. Daily calories (kilocalories) and servings of types of foods within food groups were also assessed. Statistical analyses Repeated measures analysis of variance and Tukey's post hoc analyses were performed. Results Retention was 76% (n = 47). Mean age was 7.0 [plus or minus] 0.3 years, 79% (n = 37) were African American, and 58% of participants (n = 26) reported annual household incomes [less than or equal to]$20,000. HEI-2015 total score was significantly lower during the summertime vs school year (P = .02). HEI-2015 component score for whole fruits (P = .04) was also lower in the summer vs school year, along with total vegetables (P Conclusions In a small sample of predominantly racial minority school-aged children from low-income households, child diet quality is better during the school year vs summer. Future research is needed to determine if and to what extent summer vs school year diet quality may be associated with differences in weight status. Author Affiliation: 1Baldwin Wallace University, Department of Public Health and Prevention Science, Berea, OH 2Department of Human Sciences, Human Nutrition Program, Dietetics Specialization, College of Education and Human Ecology, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 3College of Public Health, Columbus, OH * Address correspondence to: Carolyn Gunther, PhD, The Ohio State University, College of Education and Human Ecology, Department of Human Sciences, Human Nutrition Program, 313 Campbell Hall, 1787 Neil Ave, Columbus, OH 43210. Article History: Received 5 February 2020; Accepted 7 June 2020 (footnote) STATEMENT OF POTENTIAL CONFLICT OF INTEREST No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors. (footnote) FUNDING/SUPPORTUSDepartment of Agriculture North Central Nutrition Education Center for Excellence; Clinical Trial Registration: NCT03010644, https://clinicaltrials.gov(https://clinicaltrials.gov). Byline: Laura C. Hopkins, PhD, MSPH, RDN, LD (1), Salam Tiba, RDN, LD (2), Miranda Westrick (3), Carolyn Gunther, PhD [gunther.22@osu.edu] (2,*)

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A648869793