Fruit and Vegetable Healthy Eating Index Component Scores of Distributed Food Bags Were Positively Associated with Client Diet Scores in a Sample of Rural, Midwestern Food Pantries.

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Publisher: Elsevier Science Publishers
Document Type: Report
Length: 601 words

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Keywords Food environment; Food insecurity; Diet quality; Emergency food assistance; Healthy Eating Index Abstract Background Food pantries have the potential to improve the quality of clients' diets. Objective This study evaluated the relationship between the quality of the mix of foods in pantry inventories and client food bags (separately), as assessed by the Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI-2010), with client diet quality and how these relationships varied by food security status. Design This cross-sectional, secondary analysis used baseline data from the Voices for Food intervention study (Clinical Trial Registry: NCT03566095). A demographic questionnaire, the US Household Food Security Survey Module, and up to three 24-hour dietary recalls on nonconsecutive days, including weekdays and weekends, were collected. Foods available in pantry inventories and distributed in client food bags were recorded at one time point during baseline data collection. Participants and setting A convenience sample of adult food pantry clients (N = 575) from 24 rural, food pantries in the US Midwest was recruited from August to November 2014. Main outcome measures Pantry inventories, client food bags, and client diets were scored using the HEI-2010. Main outcomes were client HEI-2010 scores. Statistical analyses performed Linear regression models estimated associations between HEI-2010 total and component scores for pantry inventories and client food bags (in separate models) and the corresponding scores for client dietary intake. The interaction of client food security status, and potential pantry- and client-level confounders, was considered. Results Client food bag HEI-2010 scores were positively associated with client diet scores for total vegetables, greens and beans, and total fruit components, whereas pantry inventory HEI-2010 scores were negatively associated with client diet scores for total fruit, total protein foods, and seafood and plant proteins components. Client food bag whole-grains scores were more strongly associated with very low food secure compared with food secure client diet scores (all P values Conclusions The quality of client food bags, but not of pantry inventories, was positively associated with client diet quality in a rural sample in the US Midwest. Author Affiliation: (1) Social and Behavioral Sciences Branch, Division of Intramural Population Health Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD (2) Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN (3) Department of Nutrition and Integrative Physiology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (4) Health and Nutritional Sciences, South Dakota State University, Brookings, SD (5) Montana State University, Bozeman, MT (6) Nutrition and Health Sciences, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE (7) Michigan State University, Eaton County Extension Office, Charlotte, MI (8) University of Missouri, Columbia, MO (9) Extension, Ohio State University, Piketon, OH (10) Purdue University Department of Nutrition Science, West Lafayette, IN * Address correspondence to: Heather A. Eicher-Miller, PhD, Purdue University Department of Nutrition Science, 700 W State St, Stone G-1D, West Lafayette, IN 47907-2059. Article History: Received 22 May 2020; Accepted 16 September 2020 (footnote) STATEMENT OF POTENTIAL CONFLICT OF INTEREST No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors. (footnote) FUNDING/SUPPORT This work was supported by US Department of Agriculture, National Institute of Food and Agriculture (USDA NIFA) Voices for Food (grant 2013-69004-20401); USDA NIFA Hatch project (grant IND030489); and the intramural research program of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. Byline: Breanne N. Wright, PhD (1), Clara M. Vasquez-Mejia, MS (2), Patricia M. Guenther, PhD, RD (3), Lacey McCormack, PhD, MPH, RD, LN (4), Suzanne Stluka, PhD, RDN, LN (5), Lisa Franzen-Castle, PhD, RD (6), Becky Henne, MS (7), Donna Mehrle, MPH, RD, LD (8), Dan Remley, PhD, MSPH (9), Heather A. Eicher-Miller, PhD [heicherm@purdue.edu] (10,*)

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A648869801