Boundary spanning through external technology acquisition: The moderating role of star scientists and upstream alliances.

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From: Technovation(Vol. 116)
Publisher: Elsevier Science Publishers
Document Type: Brief article
Length: 250 words

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Keywords Boundary spanning; Externally acquired technologies; Pioneering technologies; Star scientists; Upstream alliances Highlights * Externally acquired technologies influence firm's technological development. * The pioneering nature of acquired technologies has an inverted-U effect on firm's development. * This relationship is negatively moderated by the presence of star scientists. * This relationship is positively moderated by the engagement in upstream alliances. Abstract Building on the theories of knowledge recombination, we argue that the external acquisition of technologies acts as a boundary spanning mechanism that impacts on the recipient firm' subsequent technology development. The effect is moderated by two additional mechanisms, namely the retention of star scientists and the experience in upstream strategic alliances. We tested our hypotheses on a sample of 6208 USPTO patented technologies acquired by 350 biotechnology firms over the period 1980--2012. Findings reveal an inverted U-shaped effect of the pioneering nature of the acquired technology on firm's subsequent developments, in terms of (self) citations of firm's subsequent patents to the acquired one. Moreover, the main relationship is negatively moderated by the retention of star scientists, while the experience in upstream alliances demonstrates to be a positive moderator. Author Affiliation: (a) LUISS Business School, Villa Blanc, Via Nomentana 216, 00162, Roma, Italy (b) Department of Mechanics, Mathematics, and Management, Politecnico di Bari, Via Orabona 4, 70125, Bari, Italy * Corresponding author. Article History: Received 4 September 2020; Revised 23 December 2021; Accepted 25 February 2022 Byline: Maria Isabella Leone [mleone@luiss.it] (a), Antonio Messeni Petruzzelli [antonio.messenipetruzzelli@poliba.it] (b), Angelo Natalicchio [angelo.natalicchio@poliba.it] (b,*)

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A710955472