An Examination of Perceived Pressure From Stakeholders on Concussion Reporting Intentions and Behavior in Ice Hockey Athletes.

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Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, WK Health
Document Type: Brief article
Length: 357 words

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Byline: Michelle L. Weber Rawlins, Department of Interdisciplinary Health Sciences (Drs Weber Rawlins, Bay, and McLeod and Ms Wilson) and School of Osteopathic Medicine in Arizona (Dr McLeod), A. T. Still University, Mesa, Arizona.; Allison Wilson; R. Curtis Bay; Tamara C. Valovich McLeod Abstract OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess whether perceived pressure predicts concussion reporting intentions and behavior in youth, high school, and collegiate ice hockey athletes, and, secondarily, whether perceived pressure from stakeholders differed between sex or level of play. SETTING: Online survey. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred fifty-two ice hockey athletes (males: n = 96, 63.2%; females: n = 55, 36.2%; missing: n = 1, 0.7%; age = 14.04 Ø 3.6 years). DESIGN: Cross-sectional. MAIN MEASURES: Respondents answered a survey that elicited information about demography, perceived pressure from 6 stakeholders, and concussion reporting intentions and behavior. For the first aim, we used a generalized linear model to determine whether perceived pressure from any stakeholder predicted intention (symptom reporting, concussion reporting, and intention beliefs) or behavior ("all concussions," "not obvious concussions"; ð RESULTS: Controlling for level of play, a 1-point increase in perceived pressure from parents and athletic administrators decreased concussion reporting intentions by 0.92 (P = .004) and 1.09 (P = .005) points, respectively. Perceived pressure from a sports medicine professional decreased intention beliefs by 0.17 (P = .029) points. Perceived pressure from stakeholders did not predict symptom reporting (P = .440) or "not obvious concussion" reporting (P = .655) behavior. We observed no difference in perceived pressure across stakeholders (all P values .05); however, collegiate ice hockey respondents perceived greater pressure from coaches than youth or high school athletes (P .05). CONCLUSIONS: Concussion reporting intentions were negatively influenced by perceived pressure from parents, athletic administrators, and sports medicine professionals, but these findings did not translate to reporting behavior.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A696079354