Latent Tuberculosis Infection Testing and Treatment at a Federally Qualified Health Center in Southern California: A Quality Improvement Project.

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From: Journal of Nursing Care Quality(Vol. 37, Issue 2)
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, WK Health
Document Type: Brief article
Length: 230 words

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Abstract :

Byline: Fayette Nguyen Truax, School of Nursing, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, California (Drs Truax and T. N. Nguyen); County of Orange Health Care Agency, Santa Ana, California (Dr Low and Mr Carson); Tuberculosis Control Branch, California Department of Public Health, Sacramento (Mss Mochizuki and Asfaha and Drs Katrak and Shah); and Nhan Hoa Community Clinic, Orange County, California (Dr D. Nguyen).; Julie Low; Tessa Mochizuki; Setie Asfaha; Tu Ngoc Nguyen; Michael Carson; Shereen Katrak; Neha Shah; Duc Nguyen Abstract BACKGROUND: A key strategy to eliminate tuberculosis (TB) in the United States is to increase latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) screening, testing, and treatment among non-US-born Asian populations. PURPOSE: The purpose was to increase LTBI screening, testing, and treatment at a community clinic. METHODS: Retrospective baseline LTBI data were retrieved through electronic medical record review. Interventions included adoption of standardized TB risk assessment, training providers to use shorter LTBI treatment regimens, and use of a care coordinator. Chart abstraction to examine outcomes was conducted postintervention at 4 months. RESULTS: In 2017, only 3 patients (7%) with LTBI were started on treatment. At 4 months postintervention, 28 (72%) patients with LTBI were started on treatment, of which 27 (96%) were placed on 3- to 4-month regimens. CONCLUSIONS: Training for providers and changes to clinic workflow, including use of a care coordinator, can help increase LTBI screening, testing, and treatment in community clinics.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A694678307