Research Publications Growth Rate of Chemistry and Related Subject Areas in Pakistan and Fifty Countries from 2001 to 2020.

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Date: Apr. 30, 2021
Publisher: Knowledge Bylanes
Document Type: Article
Length: 5,846 words
Lexile Measure: 1570L

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Byline: Waseem Hassan, Maria Khalid and Muhammad Raza Shah

KeyWords: Scopus; Chemistry Research Publications; Growth Rate, 50 Countries and Pakistan, Scifinder.

Introduction

In the contemporary world, a country's economic and social development is proportionate to the size of research, development and innovation in science and technology. The growth and progress of scientific research in a country is thus an important indicator of the country's overall progress over the years. With the phenomenal increase in global investment in research and development it is important to track and monitor the research progress of a country. Also, in an era where research is becoming more internationally collaborative and researchers are working across boundaries, a comparison of a country's research performance with its peer countries is of great significance. While such a comparison holds importance for all nations, however it is more necessary for developing countries which generally suffer from the problem of resource constrained research [1].

While there may be several ways to track research performance and progress of a country, bibiometric analysis is one way to track such progress and make useful comparisons. Bibliometric studies are quantitative studies to measure the research progress. Bibliometric data can be found and assessed for a broad spectrum of disciplines using appropriate databases: for example, Web of Science (WoS) or Scopus. The productivity and impact of large research units can be measured with reasonable effort. With the help of quantitative analysis and statistics, the patterns of publications within a given field can be properly tracked [2, 3]. In fact, the total number of papers and their citations, can provide detail information about the quality and quantity of research in a specific field. It also provides detail information about the growth pattern, progress and spread of any particular discipline, centers of excellence, most potential authors, international collaborations or countries involved etc.. The micro- applications of bibliographic studies include, but are not limited to, identifying the core literature in specific areas and exhibiting academic journals or sources progress [4].While the macro-applications may improve the process efficiency, predicting trends in a specific area development and policy making and/or implementation for future [4, 5].

There is considerable literature, where the authors applied bibliometrics approach to track and understand various themes, areas and trends in different regions and especially various countries. In fact detail studies are reported which focused on international scientific migration [6], international competitiveness [7], household energy consumption [8], long-noncoding (Lnc) RNA research [9] and global health research and policy [10] to name a few avenues.

In another study Bornmann et al., reported the growth rates of the BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa). They compared them with top-performing countries worldwide [11]. In fact, Kumar and Asheulova (2011) and Adams et al. (2013) confirmed a rapid rise in the scientific output of the BRICS countries [12, 13].

Pakistan is a developing country and over the past 20 years many steps have been taken by the public and private sectors to promote research in scientific and technological...

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A662567191