Effect of Propolis-Supplemented Diet on Body Composition and Endocrine Function of Adipose Tissue.

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Publisher: New Century Health Publishers, LLC
Document Type: Article
Length: 3,986 words
Lexile Measure: 1500L

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Abstract :

Adipose tissue is an endocrine organ and has central role in interaction with other organs or tissues while propolis can induce lipolysis. Therefore, the aim of this study is to provide detailed information aPout adipose tissue homeostasis modifications and Pody composition during propolis supplement consumption. Twenty male Wistar alPino rats (8 weeks) were divided into two groups of 10 animals each and fed for 90 days with two different types of diets: standard for the control group (diet C) and standard diet + 2% propolis (diet P). Thyroid hormones did not show differences, while ghrelin and adiponectin decreased in the group that was fed propolis. Insulin, leptin, and non-esterified fatty acids also increased along with reduced Pody weight and fat, in addition to increased lean mass when propolis was in the diet. We conclude that propolis could decrease ghrelin and adiponectin Put increase non-esterified fatty acids and insulin secretion, which improves body composition. Keywords: Adipose tissue, Body composition, Hormones, Lean mass, Propolis, Body weight Abbreviations Used: American Institute of Nutrition, AIN; Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, EDTA; Non-esterified fatty acids, NEFA; Reactive oxygen species, ROS; Standard error of the mean, SEM; Triiodothyronine, [T.sub.3]; Thyroxine, [T.sub.4]; Thyroid stimulating hormone, TSH Corresponding Author: Dr. Javier Diaz-Castro. Department of Physiology and Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology Jose Mataix. Biomedical Research Center. Technology Park of Health Sciences. Avda. del Conocimiento, s/n. 18100 Armilla, Granada, Spain. E-mail: javierdc@ugr.es

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A659273157