Salaries and incomes of health workers in sub-Saharan Africa

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Date: Feb. 23, 2008
From: The Lancet(Vol. 371, Issue 9613)
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Document Type: Article
Length: 337 words

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Abstract :

To access, purchase, authenticate, or subscribe to the full-text of this article, please visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(08)60306-2 Byline: David McCoy, DrPh [d.mccoy@ucl.ac.uk] (a,*), Sara Bennett, PhD (b), Sophie Witter, MA (c), Bob Pond, MD (d), Prof Brook Baker, JD (e), Jeff Gow, PhD (g), Sudeep Chand, MFPH (a), Tim Ensor, PhD (c), Barbara McPake, PhD (f) Summary Public-sector health workers are vital to the functioning of health systems. We aimed to investigate pay structures for health workers in the public sector in sub-Saharan Africa; the adequacy of incomes for health workers; the management of public-sector pay; and the fiscal and macroeconomic factors that impinge on pay policy for the public sector. Because salary differentials affect staff migration and retention, we also discuss pay in the private sector. We surveyed historical trends in the pay of civil servants in Africa over the past 40 years. We used some empirical data, but found that accurate and complete data were scarce. The available data suggested that pay structures vary across countries, and are often structured in complex ways. Health workers also commonly use other sources of income to supplement their formal pay. The pay and income of health workers varies widely, whether between countries, by comparison with cost of living, or between the public and private sectors. To optimise the distribution and mix of health workers, policy interventions to address their pay and incomes are needed. Fiscal constraints to increased salaries might need to be overcome in many countries, and non-financial incentives improved. Author Affiliation: (a) Centre for International Health and Development, University College London, UK (b) Alliance for Health Systems and Policy Research, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland (c) IMMPACT, University of Aberdeen, UK (d) World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland (e) Health GAP, Northeastern University School of Law, Boston, MA, USA (f) Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh, UK (g) Health Economics and HIV/AIDS Research Division, University of Kwazulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa * Correspondence to: David McCoy, Centre for International Health and Development, University College London, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A521533368