The association between educational attainment and longevity using individual-level data from the 1940 census.

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Date: July 2022
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Document Type: Report; Brief article
Length: 225 words

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Abstract :

Keywords Education; Longevity; Heterogeneity; Sex disparities; Individual data Abstract We combine individual data from the 1940 full-count census with death records and other information available on the Family Tree at familysearch.org to create the largest individual dataset to date (17 million) to study the association between years of schooling and age at death. Conditional on surviving to age 35, one additional year of education is associated with roughly 0.4 more years of life for both men and women for cohorts born 1906-1915 and smaller for earlier cohorts. Focusing on the 1906-1915 cohort we find that this association is identical when we use sibling or twin fixed effects. This association varies substantially by place of birth. For men, the association is stronger in places with greater incomes, higher quality of school, and larger investments in public health. Women also exhibit great heterogeneity in the association, but our measures of the childhood environment do not explain it. Author Affiliation: (a) Department of Economics, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, United States (b) Department of Economics, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT, United States (c) Department of Health Policy and Management, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, United States * Corresponding author. Article History: Received 8 March 2022; Revised 21 June 2022; Accepted 26 June 2022 Byline: Adriana Lleras-Muney (a), Joseph Price (b), Dahai Yue [dhyue@umd.edu] (c,*)

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Source Citation   

Gale Document Number: GALE|A709525739