Improvement of cancer-targeting therapy, using nanocarriers for intractable solid tumors by inhibition of TGF-[beta] signaling

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Publisher: National Academy of Sciences
Document Type: Author abstract
Length: 203 words
Lexile Measure: 60L

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Abstract :

Transforming growth factor (TGF)-[beta] plays a pivotal role in regulation of progression of cancer through effects on tumor microenvironment as well as on cancer cells. TGF-[beta] inhibitors have recently been shown to prevent the growth and metastasis of certain cancers. However, there may be adverse effects caused by TGF-[beta] signaling inhibition, including the induction of cancers by the repression of TGF-[beta]-mediated growth inhibition. Here, we present an application of a short-acting, small-molecule TGF-[beta] type I receptor (T[beta]R-I) inhibitor at a low dose in treating several experimental intractable solid tumors, including pancreatic adenocarcinoma and diffuse-type gastric cancer, characterized by hypovascularity and thick fibrosis in tumor microenvironments. Low-dose T[beta]R-I inhibitor altered neither TGF-[beta] signaling in cancer cells nor the amount of fibrotic components. However, it decreased pericyte coverage of the endothelium without reducing endothelial area specifically in tumor neovasculature and promoted accumulation of macromolecules, including anticancer nanocarriers, in the tumors. Compared with the absence of T[beta]R-I inhibitor, anticancer nanocarriers exhibited potent growth-inhibitory effects on these cancers in the presence of T[beta]R-I inhibitor. The use of T[beta]R-I inhibitor combined with nanocarriers may thus be of significant clinical and practical importance in treating intractable solid cancers. angiogenesis | gastric cancer | molecular targeting therapy | pancreatic cancer

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A161510611