Democracy and compromise in militarized interstate conflicts, 1816-1992

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Date: Apr. 1998
From: Journal of Conflict Resolution(Vol. 42, Issue 2)
Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc.
Document Type: Article
Length: 8,677 words

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Abstract :

Research has documented that democratic nations are about 30 times less likely to originate interstate wars and about 3 times less likely to originate militarized interstate disputes among themselves than other types of regimes. Compromise is a means for resolving conflict whereby disputants agree to mutual concessions. Many researchers contend that compromise is among the central defining features of democratic political culture. If a norm of compromise can explain the absence of wars between democratic nations, then one should expect to find a democratic inclination toward compromise in the path from the initial militarization of an interstate conflict to all-out war. An analysis of militarized interstate disputes originating as one-on-one confrontations occurring worldwide from 1816 to 1992 reveals robust support for the proposition. The results indicate that joint highly democratic dyads are about 3 times more likely than joint highly autocratic dyads to resolve their militarized conflicts with mutual concessions.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A20476619