Age stereotypes and self-views revisited: patterns of internalization and projection processes across the life span

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Date: July 2017
From: The Journals of Gerontology, Series B(Vol. 72, Issue 4)
Publisher: Gerontological Society of America
Document Type: Author abstract
Length: 207 words

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Abstract :

Objectives: We investigated processes of age stereotype internalization into the self and projection of self-views onto age stereotypes from a life-span perspective, taking age-related differences in the relevance of life domains into account. Method: Age stereotypes and self-views in eight life domains were assessed in a sample of N = 593 persons aged 30-80 years ([T.sub.1]) at two time points that were separated by a 4-year time interval. We estimated cross-lagged projection and internalization effects in multigroup structural equation models. Results: Internalization and projection effects were contingent on age group and life domain: Internalization effects were strongest in the young and middle-aged groups and emerged in the domains family, personality, work, and leisure. Projection effects in different domains were most pronounced for older participants. Discussion: Our findings suggest that the internalization of age stereotypes is triggered by domain-specific expectations of impending age-related changes and transitions during certain phases of the life span. Projection processes, however, seem to occur in response to changes that have already been experienced by the individual. Our study demonstrates the dynamic interrelation of age stereotypes and self-views across the life course and highlights the importance of a differentiated, life-span perspective for the understanding of these mechanisms. Keywords: Age stereotypes--Developmental tasks--Internalization--Life domains--Life span--Projection doi:10.1093/geronb/gbv099

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A499598513