Nanopore Identification of Single Nucleotide Mutations in Circulating Tumor DNA by Multiplexed Ligation.

Citation metadata

From: Clinical Chemistry(Vol. 67, Issue 5)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Document Type: Report
Length: 5,849 words
Lexile Measure: 1540L

Document controls

Main content

Abstract :

BACKGROUND: Circulating tumor DNAs (ctDNAs) are highly promising cancer biomarkers, potentially applicable for noninvasive liquid biopsy and disease monitoring. However, to date, sequencing of ctDNAs has proven to be challenging primarily due to small sample size and high background of fragmented cell-free DNAs (cfDNAs) derived from normal cells in the circulation, specifically in early stage cancer. METHODS: Solid-state nanopores (ssNPs) have recently emerged as a highly efficient tool for single-DNA sensing and analysis. Herein, we present a rapid nanopore genotyping strategy to enable an amplification-free identification and classification of ctDNA mutations. A biochemical ligation detection assay was used for the creation of specific fluorescently-labelled short DNA reporter molecules. Color conjugation with multiple fluorophores enabled a unique multi-color signature for different mutations, offering multiplexing potency. Single-molecule readout of the fluorescent labels was carried out by electro-optical sensing via solid-state nanopores drilled in titanium oxide membranes. RESULTS: As proof of concept, we utilized our method to detect the presence of low-quantity ERBB2 F310S and PIK3Ca H1047R breast cancer mutations from both plasmids and xenograft mice blood samples. We demonstrated an ability to distinguish between a wild type and a mutated sample, and between the different mutations in the same sample. CONCLUSIONS: Our method can potentially enable rapid and low cost ctDNA analysis that completely circumvents PCR amplification and library preparation. This approach will thus meet a currently unmet demand in terms of sensitivity, multiplexing and cost, opening new avenues for early diagnosis of cancer.

Source Citation

Source Citation   

Gale Document Number: GALE|A663469517