Effects of standardization on the evolution of information and communications technology

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Date: July 2018
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Document Type: Report
Length: 334 words

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Abstract :

To access, purchase, authenticate, or subscribe to the full-text of this article, please visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2018.02.016 Byline: Won Sang Lee [uraah@yonsei.ac.kr], So Young Sohn [sohns@yonsei.ac.kr] (*) Keywords Technology standardization; Technological evolution; Triadic patent; ICT; Polynomial distributed lag model Highlights * We examined the associations between standardization and evolution of ICT industry. * ICT evolution was regressed on the polynomial time lagged number of ICT standards. * The diversity of ICT mostly increased as the number of standards increased in ICT. * ICT openness or concentration was not related with the number of standards in ICT. * Findings support that technology standards can offset the claimed lock-in effects. Abstract Many studies have suggested that standardization inhibits technological change via lock-in effects. However, the negative side of standardization has been overemphasized because of insufficient empirical evidence. On the basis of the standard and triadic patents registered during 1977--2010, this study examines the associations between standardization and technological evolution in the information and communications technology (ICT) industry. We apply the annual International Patent Classification co-occurrence network to Telecommunications, Computers & Machinery, Consumer electronics, and Other ICTs to measure technological evolution with respect to diversity, openness, and concentration. Consequently, we regressed each aspect of technological evolution against the polynomial distributed lag number of the registered ICT standards per annum. The findings suggest different degrees of associations between standardization and technological diversity, openness, and concentration across each area. We observed that technological diversity increases with technology standardization in telecommunication and consumer electronics. In addition, there is a long time-lag effect on technological diversity in Computer & Machinery. Conversely, negative associations with diversity were observed in Other ICT. No significant associations were found between technology standardization and openness or concentration. These findings support the positive side of technology standards, which can offset the claimed lock-in effects. Author Affiliation: Department of Information and Industrial Engineering, Yonsei University, 134 Shinchon-dong, Seoul, Republic of Korea * Corresponding author. Article History: Received 23 January 2016; Revised 15 November 2017; Accepted 12 January 2018

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A536492908