Variability in high-salinity shelf water production in the Terra Nova Bay polynya, Antarctica

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From: Ocean Science(Vol. 16, Issue 2)
Publisher: Copernicus GmbH
Document Type: Brief article
Length: 282 words

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Abstract :

Terra Nova Bay in Antarctica is a formation region for high-salinity shelf water (HSSW), which is a major source of Antarctic Bottom Water. Here, we analyze spatiotemporal salinity variability in Terra Nova Bay with implications for the local HSSW production. The salinity variations in the Drygalski Basin and eastern Terra Nova Bay near Crary Bank in the Ross Sea were investigated by analyzing hydrographic data from instrumented moorings, vessel-based profiles, and available wind and sea-ice products. Near-bed salinity in the eastern Terra Nova Bay (â¼660 m) and Drygalski Basin (â¼1200 m) increases each year beginning in September. Significant salinity increases (0.04) were observed in 2016 and 2017, which is likely related to active HSSW formation. According to velocity data at identical depths, the salinity increase from September was primarily due to advection of the HSSW originating from the coastal region of the Nansen Ice Shelf. In addition, we show that HSSW can also be formed locally in the upper water column (

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A617988919