Associations among individuals' perceptions of future time, individual resources, and subjective well-being in old age

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From: The Journals of Gerontology, Series B(Vol. 72, Issue 3)
Publisher: Gerontological Society of America
Document Type: Author abstract; Report
Length: 199 words

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Abstract :

Objectives: Perceptions of future time are of key interest to aging research because of their implications for subjective well-being. Interestingly, perceptions about future time are only moderately associated with age when looking at the second half of life, pointing to a vast heterogeneity in future time perceptions among older adults. We examine associations between future time perceptions, age, and subjective well-being across two studies, including moderations by individual resources. Method: Using data from the Berlin Aging Study (N = 516; A4 = 85 years), we link one operationalization (subjective nearness to death) and age to subjective well-being. Using Health and Retirement Study data (N = 2,596; M = 77 years), we examine associations of another future time perception indicator (subjective future life expectancy) and age with subjective well-being. Results: Consistent across studies, perceptions of limited time left were associated with poorer subjective well-being (lower life satisfaction and positive affect; more negative affect and depressive symptoms). Importantly, individual resources moderated future time perception--subjective well-being associations with those of better health exhibiting reduced future time perception--subjective well-being associations. Discussion: We discuss our findings in the context of the Model of Strength and Vulnerability Integration. Keywords: Future time perception--Old age--Well-being doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbv063

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A493990423