The lung microbiome: progress and promise.

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Date: Aug. 1, 2021
From: Journal of Clinical Investigation(Vol. 131, Issue 15)
Publisher: American Society for Clinical Investigation
Document Type: Report
Length: 8,985 words
Lexile Measure: 1380L

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Abstract :

The healthy lung was long thought of as sterile, but recent advances using molecular sequencing approaches have detected bacteria at low levels. Healthy lung bacteria largely reflect communities present in the upper respiratory tract that enter the lung via microaspiration, which is balanced by mechanical and immune clearance and likely involves limited local replication. The nature and dynamics of the lung microbiome, therefore, differ from those of ecological niches with robust self-sustaining microbial communities. Aberrant populations (dysbiosis) have been demonstrated in many pulmonary diseases not traditionally considered microbial in origin, and potential pathways of microbe- host crosstalk are emerging. The question now is whether and how dysbiotic microbiota contribute to initiation or perpetuation of injury. The fungal microbiome and virome are less well studied. This Review highlights features of the lung microbiome, unique considerations in studying it, examples of dysbiosis in selected disease, emerging concepts in lung microbiome-host interactions, and critical areas for investigation.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A677389423