Chimerism Assay Using Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms Adjacent and in Linkage-Disequilibrium Enables Sensitive Disease Relapse Monitoring after Hematopoietic Stem-Cell Transplantation.

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From: Clinical Chemistry(Vol. 67, Issue 5)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Document Type: Report
Length: 4,553 words
Lexile Measure: 1490L

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Abstract :

BACKGROUND: Short tandem repeat (STR)-based chimerism analysis has been widely used for chimerism monitoring alter hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT), but technical artifacts can be problematic. We designed a chimerism assay using single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) adjacent and in linkage-disequilibrium (CASAL), which doubly checked for SNP pairs, and thus could reduce background errors and increase analytical sensitivity. METHODS: CASAL targeted 84 SNP pairs within 10 bp distance and in perfect linkage-disequilibrium. Using undiluted and serially diluted samples, baseline error rates, and linearity was calculated. Clinical performance of CASAL was evaluated in comparison with a conventional STR assay, using 191 posttransplant samples from 42 patients with HSCT. RESULTS: CASAL had ~10 times lower baseline error rates compared to that of ordinary next-generation sequencing. Limit of detection and quantification of CASAL were estimated to be 0.09 and 0.39%, respectively, with a linear range of 0.1-100%. CASAL correlated well with STR assay ([r.sup.2] = 0.99) and the higher sensitivity enabled detection of low-level recipient chimerism and earlier prediction of relapse. CONCLUSIONS: CASAL is a simple, analytically sensitive and accurate assay that can be used in clinical samples after HSCT with a higher performance compared to that of traditional assays. It should also be useful in other forensic and archeological testing.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A663469520