Passive versus active service delivery: Comparing the effects of two parenting interventions on early cognitive development in rural China.

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From: World Development(Vol. 149)
Publisher: Elsevier Science Publishers
Document Type: Report; Brief article
Length: 362 words

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Keywords Center-based parenting intervention; Home-based parenting intervention; Early cognitive development; Randomized controlled trial; Program participation Highlights * It is unclear that what delivery model of early childhood interventions may be most effective in developing countries. * We evaluate the effects of a center-based parenting intervention on early development and parenting practices in rural China. * We compare the effects to a home-based intervention using the same curriculum and public service system in the same region. * We find the home-visiting intervention was more effective than the center-based parenting intervention on child outcomes. * The difference in effects appears to be driven by different patterns of compliance. Abstract We present the results of a cluster-randomized controlled trial that evaluates the effects of a free, center-based parenting intervention on early cognitive development and parenting practices in 100 rural villages in China. We then compare these effects to a previous trial of a home-based intervention conducted in the same region, using the same parenting curriculum and public service system, accounting for potential differences between the studies. We find that the center-based intervention did not have a significant impact on child development outcomes, but did lead to increases in the material investments, time investments, and parenting skills of caregivers. The average impact of the center-based intervention on child skills and investments in children was significantly smaller than the home-visiting intervention. Analysis of the possible mechanisms suggests that the difference in effects was driven primarily by different patterns of selection into program participation. Author Affiliation: (a) Gillings School of Global Public Health and Carolina Population Center, 1101-D McGavran-Greenberg Bldg., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA (b) China Center for Agricultural Policy, School of Advanced Agricultural Science, 409 Wangkezhen Bldg., Peking University, No. 5 Yiheyuan, Haidian District, Beijing, China (c) School of Economics, Peking University, No. 5 Yiheyuan, Haidian District, Beijing, China (d) Rural Education Action Program, Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, 616 Jane Stanford Way, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA * Corresponding author. Article History: Accepted 27 August 2021 Byline: Sean Sylvia (a), Renfu Luo [luorf.ccap@pku.edu.cn] (b), Jingdong Zhong (c), Sarah-Eve Dill (d), Alexis Medina (d), Scott Rozelle [rozelle@stanford.edu] (d,*)

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A679876598