Computer-aided clinical image analysis for non-invasive assessment of tumor thickness in cutaneous melanoma.

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From: BMC Research Notes(Vol. 14, Issue 1)
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.
Document Type: Report
Length: 2,238 words
Lexile Measure: 1390L

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Abstract :

Objective Computerized clinical image analysis is shown to improve diagnostic accuracy for cutaneous melanoma but its effectiveness in preoperative assessment of melanoma thickness has not been studied. The aim of this study, is to explore how melanoma thickness correlates with computer-assisted objectively obtained color and geometric variables. All patients diagnosed with cutaneous melanoma with available clinical images prior to tumor excision were included in the study. All images underwent digital processing with an automated non-commercial software. The software provided measurements for geometrical variables, i.e., overall lesion surface, maximum diameter, perimeter, circularity, eccentricity, mean radius, as well as for color variables, i.e., range, standard deviation, coefficient of variation and skewness in the red, green, and blue color space. Results One hundred fifty-six lesions were included in the final analysis. The mean tumor thickness was 1.84 mm (range 0.2-25). Melanoma thickness was strongly correlated with overall surface area, maximum diameter, perimeter and mean lesion radius. Thickness was moderately correlated with eccentricity, green color and blue color. We conclude that geometrical and color parameters, as objectively extracted by computer-aided clinical image processing, may correlate with tumor thickness in patients with cutaneous melanoma. However, these correlations are not strong enough to reliably predict tumor thickness.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A665427203