Variability in Neogloboquadrina pachyderma stable isotope ratios from isothermal conditions: implications for individual foraminifera analysis.

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From: Climate of the Past(Vol. 18, Issue 1)
Publisher: Copernicus GmbH
Document Type: Brief article
Length: 278 words

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Abstract :

Individual foraminifera analysis (IFA) holds promise to reconstruct seasonal to interannual oceanographic variability. Even though planktonic foraminifera are reliable recorders of environmental conditions on a population level, whether they also are on the level of individuals is unknown. Yet, one of the main assumptions underlying IFA is that each specimen records ocean conditions with negligible noise. Here we test this assumption using stable isotope data measured on groups of four shells of Neogloboquadrina pachyderma from a 16-19 d resolution sediment trap time series from the subpolar North Atlantic. We find a within-sample variability of 0.11 0/00 and 0.10 0/00 for [delta].sup.18 O and [delta].sup.13 C respectively that shows no seasonal pattern and exceeds water column variability in spring when conditions are homogeneous down to hundreds of metres. We assess the possible effect of life cycle characteristics and delay due to settling on foraminifera [delta].sup.18 O variability with simulations using temperature and [delta].sup.18 O.sub.seawater as input. These simulations indicate that the observed [delta].sup.18 O variability can only partially be explained by environmental variability. Individual N. pachyderma are thus imperfect recorders of temperature and [delta].sup.18 O.sub.seawater . Based on these simulations, we estimate the excess noise on [delta].sup.18 O to be 0.11±0.06 0/00. The origin and nature of the recording imprecision require further work, but our analyses highlight the need to take such excess noise into account when interpreting the geochemical variability among individual foraminifera.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A689986580