Determination of xanthine in the presence of hypoxanthine by adsorptive stripping voltammetry at the mercury film electrode

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Date: June 9, 2014
Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd. (UK)
Document Type: Article
Length: 3,932 words
Lexile Measure: 1430L

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Abstract :

A stripping method for the determination of xanthine in the presence of hypoxanthine at the submicromolar concentration levels is described. The method is based on controlled adsorptive accumulation at the thin-film mercury electrode followed by a fast linear scan voltammetric measurement of the surface species. Optimum experimental conditions were found to be the use of 1.0 x [10.sup.-3] mol [L.sup.-1] NaOH solution as supporting electrolyte, an accumulation potential of 0.00 V for xanthine and -0.50 V for hypoxanthine-copper, and a linear scan rate of 200 mV [second.sup.-1]. The response of xanthine is linear over the concentration ranges of 20-140 ppb. For an accumulation time of 30 minutes, the detection limit was found to be 36 ppt (2.3 x [10.sup.-10] mol [L.sup.-1]). Adequate conditions for measuring the xanthine in the presence of hypoxanthine, copper and other metals, uric acid, and other nitrogenated bases were also investigated. The utility of the method is demonstrated by the presence of xanthine associated with hypoxanthine, uric acid, nitrogenated bases, ATP, and ssDNA. KEYWORDS: xanthine determination, hypoxanthine, copper, ATP, ssDNA, mercury electrode, stripping voltammetry

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Source Citation   

Gale Document Number: GALE|A373747899